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Main text Read some basic information For further reading

For further reading, you may wish to consult these resources:

  • Some historical background in French is available at this web site.

  • this page has some useful explanations.

  • Here is a poem/parody of Villon listed on Tennessee Bob's Famous French links web site.

  • A very free translation of the poem may be found here.

  • A biography of Villon may be found here.

Further Reading

Anacker, Robert. Francois Villon. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1968.

Chaney, Edward Frank. François Villon in his environment. Oxford: B.H. Blackwell, 1946.

Fein, David A. François Villon and his reader. Detroit: Wayne State University, 1989.

--A reading of Villon's Testament. Birmingham, AL: Summa Publications, 1984.

Fox, John Howard. The poetry of Villon. New York: T. Nelson, 1962.

Hunt, Tony. Villon's last will: language and authority in the Testament. New York: Clarendon Press, 1996.

Vitz, Evelyn Birge. The crossroad of intentions: a study of symbolic expression in the poetry of François Villon. The Hague: Mouton, 1974.